Journal of Co-operative and Business Studies (JCBS) 2024-01-25T14:28:03+00:00 Prof. Mataba Lucas Dudumila Open Journal Systems <p align="justify">The Journal of cooperative and Business Studies (JCBS) is one of the bi-annual journals of the Moshi Cooperative University (MoCU) publishing articles in the area of co-operative development and business management. The articles include research works, book reviews, book chapters, article reviews, and case studies. Publishable articles focus on the co-operative theory, practical experiences, and policy issues related to cooperative development and business management. It is a peer-reviewed journal with a special focus on the associative economy of economically active low-income producers, distributors, and consumers.</p> A Reflection of the Best Fit and Best Practices Schools of Thought on Human Resource Management Practices and its Impact During COVID-19 2024-01-25T14:12:31+00:00 Mikidadi <p>Properly handled human resources have been associated with organisational triumph. However, this has never been the case during the pandemic. Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic has universally and considerably, <em>inter alia,</em> affected both the organizations and the human resource management (HRM) aspects. Numerous challenges have been observed and various responses have been attempted, some of which necessitated human resource flexibility in the context of HRM strategies and practices under crisis circumstances. There emerged more than demand for support from the employees especially with the uncertain future and high possibility of losing jobs or salary deduction. Certainly, this is when the HR department is expected to design the right HRM strategies to counteract the challenges of COVID-19. This review explores HRM practices reflecting the best fit and best practices schools of thought. A scoping review approach was used in both data collection and analysis involving 103 articles obtained from Google Scholar, AJOL, Pubmed, Embase, Medline, CINAHL Full text, Academic Search Premier, CAB abstract, Web of Science search engines, and databases. Keywords involved in the search query were: “human resource management’<em>, </em>Best Fit School of Thought, Best Practices Schools of Thought resource management under COVID-19, workplaces and COVID-19; COVID-19 Pandemic and ‘effects of COVID-19 at workplaces”.&nbsp; The best fits and best practices included provision of employees’ security, hiring the right quality people, effective and self-managed teams, fair and performance-based compensation, and training in relevant skills. Others were the creation of flat and egalitarian organizations, easing information accessibility to employees, creating emergency response teams, care for f employee wellness and safety initiatives together with implementation of remote work strategies. It has been observed that Human Resources departments did their best to keep organizations moving during COVID-19. It is recommended that organisations should sustainably promote these best fits and best practices in case of any pandemic.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Co-operative and Business Studies (JCBS) Determinants of Education Provision among Agricultural Marketing Co-operative Societies in Sengerema and Ukerewe Districts; Tanzania 2023-09-04T13:58:08+00:00 Manumbu, O. Lawrence <p><em>Co-operative Education (CE) is a crucial component of sustainability of the co-operatives including Agricultural Marketing Co-operative Societies (AMCOS). For AMCOS’ objectives to be realised, among other strategies, member education is critical. This paper examines factors influencing the provision of CE in Tanzania, taking Sengerema and Ukerewe districts as case studies. Specifically, the study sought to examine the influence of</em><em> membership size, funding and cost of education, activeness of the AMCOS Management, and readiness of members on the provision of CE in AMCOS. The study adopted a cross-sectional design where data were collected at once in time. Primary data were collected using Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), Key informant Interviews (KIIs), and documentary review. Data were analysed using Content Analysis. The analysis of data from FGDs and KIs was facilitated by Atlas.ti computer software. Findings show that CE programmes provided in Sengerema and Ukerewe districts were determined by prioritising the needs of AMCOS. The study further found that AMCOS with a large number of members had their training cost burden reduced and could easily attract trainers than those with fewer members. Moreover, the study found that the availability of funding has a direct relationship with the capacity of the AMCOS to finance its education programmes as it dictates the number of trainees, the group to be trained, frequency of the education, and the AMCOS’ decision to withdraw or indulge in the programme. It was further found that the more active the AMCOS management becomes, the more frequent members of AMCOS receive education. Lastly, it was also found that the timing of CE provision determines the attendance (participation) of members. It is recommended that AMCOS with a small number of members and a weak financial base should make use of the shared service approach to join their efforts so as to attract good trainers and reduce the training cost burden. Trainers of CE are also requested to develop training programmes that consider appropriate timing of participants to enhance participation in CE. In terms of leadership, AMCOS are urged to elect active leaders who prioritise AMCOS interests. The Tanzania Co-operative Development Commission (TCDC) and the responsible Ministry as well as other co-operative stakeholders are asked to facilitate member education. Equally, AMCOS are called upon to adhere to the International Co-operative alliance’s (ICA’s) requirements of setting aside funds for education and training. </em></p> 2023-09-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Co-operative and Business Studies (JCBS)